The Port of Los Angeles (POLA) and the Port of Long Beach (POLB) said late last week that they have again postponed the implementation date for their ocean carrier Container Dwell Fee, which will now not be considered until April 15.
This follows previous joint announcements by POLA and POLB, whom collectively account for roughly 40% of United States-bound import volumes, indicating that consideration of the fee would be pushed back each week going back to the week of November 22, 2021.
Going back to when the fee was initially rolled out on October 25, POLA and POLB said that the ports have seen a cumulative 49% decline in the amount of aging cargo on their docks, a tally which has trended up going back to the initial announcement of this fee.
In late October, the ports announced they would start assessing surcharges to ocean carriers for import containers dwelling on marine terminals, as part of an effort to clear out the significant backlog at the ports.
As previously reported, the ports said that, as per this policy, they will charge ocean carriers for each container falling into two categories:
- for containers scheduled to move by truck, ocean carriers will be charged for every container dwelling nine days or more; and
- for containers moving by rail, ocean carriers will be charged if the container has dwelled for three days or more
And beginning November 1, POLA and POLB previously said that ocean carriers with cargo in either of these categories would be charged $100 per container, which will increase in $100 increments per container per day. The ports said that the fees collected from this initiative will be reinvested for programs to enhance efficiency, accelerate cargo velocity, and also address congestion impacts throughout San Pedro Bay.
These fees were subsequently approved by the Harbor Commissions of both ports on October 29, 2021.
POLA and POLB officials said that prior to the mid-2020 pandemic-driven run-up in imports, containers for local delivery, on average, were on container terminals for less than four days, with containers destined for trains dwelled for less than two days.
POLA Executive Director Gene Seroka said on a March media conference call last week that, as of Wednesday, March 16, there were 44 ships in the queue on their way to the San Pedro Bay ports, which is down 60% from a high of 109 vessels in January.
“The improvement is a combined result of the projected lull after Lunar New Year in Asia and increased fluidity on our container terminals,” he said. “In the weeks ahead, we expect to see an increase in vessels headed our way, as retailers begin a big push to replenish shelves. But we are also watching very closely the events in China, with yet another wave of Covid-19 spreading through major cities and businesses. The zero-Covid policy China has implemented could see slowdowns in ports, supply chains and in factories.”
And he said POLA’s efforts to get imports and empties off the marine terminals faster has resulted in improved numbers.
“Container dwell time at terminals stands at five days versus a peak of 11 days last fall,” he said. “On-dock rail dwell is currently at four days compared to a high of 13.5 days last summer. In recent weeks, though, we have noticed an uptick in on-dock rail volume and dwell time. We are working daily with the National Economic Council and the western railroads along with PHL to try and smooth out some of this curve.”
POLB Deputy Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer Noel Hacegaba recently told LM that the fee really represents one of three major actions POLB has taken to address supply chain disruption.
“One of the very first things we did is we activated vacant land inside the port,” he said. “To date, we have repurposed more than 130 acres of vacant land. That is an enormous amount of land we have applied to this challenge, and the idea there is very simple. Warehouse capacity is at an all-time low. The vacancy rate in the Inland Empire, which is about 60-to-70 miles from the ports, is at about 1%. So, in the absence of warehouse capacity, we noticed that containers were piling up in the terminal, and that was what was creating this backlog of ships. By making land available inside the port, it allowed our terminals and our shippers to push those boxes out, and it provided immediate relief to the terminals. The second major action we took was to expand hours of operation at the port. One of our terminals, TTI, has been open 24 hours a day, four days a week, since October. Every other terminal in the Southern California complex is opening earlier and closing later…expanding the hours of operation.”
As for the impetus of the Container Dwell Fee, Hacegaba said that POLB and POLA started seeing that a surplus of containers was spending three times as long inside the terminal once they were loaded off a ship, which, in turn, was creating a lot of issues for the terminals.
“This fee was intended to encourage shippers to remove those inbound containers more quickly,” he noted. “I can tell you that the fee has worked, and that is one reason we have not collected it. We evaluate it on a week-to-week basis, and each week since we have announced the fee, we have been postponing it. When we first announced it, those loaded inbound containers, at POLB, that were sitting on the terminal nine days or longer accounted for about 35% of all containers on the terminal. Today, that figure is closer to 11%. From when we introduced the fee in late October through January 14, that percentage of containers on terminal nine days or more is down by 50%, at POLB. The fee has worked, and that is the reason we have not implemented it. We evaluate it on a week-to-week basis and encourage all of our stakeholders to continue to do their part.”
About the Author
Jeff Berman, Group News Editor
Jeff Berman is Group News Editor for Logistics Management, Modern Materials Handling, and Supply Chain Management Review. Jeff works and lives in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, where he covers all aspects of the supply chain, logistics, freight transportation, and materials handling sectors on a daily basis. Contact Jeff Berman
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